How to Know When You’re Living in an Authoritarian State

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Fantastic article in Vox this week by Thomas Pepinsky, an associate professor of government at Cornell who has extensively studied authoritarian governments. The whole piece is worth reading, but if you’re only going to read a couple paragraphs, make it these ones:

The reality is that everyday life under the kinds of authoritarianism that exist today is very familiar to most Americans. You go to work, you eat your lunch, you go home to your family. There are schools and businesses, and some people “make it” through hard work and luck. Most people worry about making sure their kids get into good schools. The military is in the barracks, and the police mostly investigate crimes and solve cases. There is political dissent, if rarely open protest, but in general people are free to complain to one another. There are even elections. This is Malaysia, and many countries like it.

Life is pretty normal, except that elections — which often exist — change nothing.

… Most Americans conceptualize a hypothetical end of American democracy in apocalyptic terms. But actually, you usually learn that you are no longer living in a democracy not because The Government Is Taking Away Your Rights, or passing laws that you oppose, or because there is a coup or a quisling. You know that you are no longer living in a democracy because the elections in which you are participating no longer can yield political change.

Read the whole piece here.

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